What is it?
Melasma can be defined as dark patches that appear on the surface of the skin. It is often observed in pregnant women, or those post childbirth, and can appear as brownish or greyish patches on certain parts of the body. It can be caused by a variety of reasons including hormonal changes, UV and sun exposure, as well as heredity and genetics.
Melasma treatment is often done upon diagnosis, which can be of various types depending on the intensity of your case. Since melasma is, more often than not, harmless, treatments that target it are often opted for due to aesthetic reasons.
How is it done?
Melasma treatment can be of various kinds depending upon your case. In order to determine that, you will need to undergo a consultation, so as to identify the best suited treatment option for you. Common treatments for melasma can include topical prescribed creams, chemical peel sessions, as well as light/laser treatments. Depending on the intensity and severity of your melasma, you may also be suggested combination treatments for the best outcome.
What are the Pre- and Post-procedure steps for Melasma treatment?
Depending upon the type of treatment given, you will be asked to follow certain preparatory steps. For chemical peels, you may be asked to avoid sun exposure, retinoids and other topical medications, antiviral medication, etc., in the days leading up to the treatment. After the sessions, you will be asked to avoid sun exposure, picking or itching at the skin, etc., to ensure a speedy recovery and maximum results.
As for light/laser treatments, you will be asked to avoid waxing, threading, or any other form of hair removal in the days leading up to the session. You will also be asked to avoid the usage of topical retinoids, steroids, etc., in the days leading up to the treatment. After the treatment, you will be advised to avoid sun exposure as much as possible to limit the chances of re-development of melasma. You will also be advised to cover up using hats, full sleeve clothing, etc., as well as use sun screens to protect the skin from UV exposure.